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The earlier the waste is sorted, the greater the separation potential and the greater the value of recyclable components.

Manifesto for food waste management in the Mediterranean Basin

Manifesto for food waste management in the Mediterranean Basin

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The provided personal data will have the proper treatment by BCNecologia according to Llei Orgànica 15/1999, de Protecció de Dades de Caràcter Personal. You have the right to access, modify, cancel and oppose to their use through written procedure addressed to SCOW project, BCNecologia, C/Escar 1, 3 08039 Barcelona, or sending an email to nohales@bcnecologia.net.


Manifesto for proper food waste managementin the Mediterranean Basin


Which are the contents of the Manifesto?

The document outlines the best strategies, measures and activities to develop an efficient and proper management of food waste in the Mediterranean Basin.

What was the origin of this initiative?

Throughout the SCOW project, several capitalization activities have been developed in order to present the project, strategies and disseminate the main results within potential interested sectors and entities. One of them is the proposal of regulatory and policy recommendations on bio-waste management.

Who created the Manifesto?

The manifesto was elaborated and agreed in the framework of the SCOW project by a working group conformed by different stakeholders and experts (including project partners and associates as well as entities involved in waste management).

Which was the elaboration process of the Manifesto?

Initially an online questionnaire on food waste management and strategies was distributed to several entities and qualified experts. This activity had the purpose to survey the views of different stakeholders in order to finally outline all the opinions and findings in the content of the Manifesto.  The survey consisted of 10 main questions on food waste management and strategies and 2 complementary questions about the creation of a Mediterranean network on food waste management.

A first draft was created by BCNecologia (Gemma Nohales and Marta Vila) and CIC (Marco Ricci and Michele Giavini) which was provided to all the workshop participants and selected experts. All the received contributions and remarks were assessed and considered in order to create a second draft to be presented in a technical workshop.

The content and statement of this manifesto were further discussed and agreed upon during the SCOW technical workshop that took place on the 25th of February 2015 in Barcelona. You can find in the attached a list of the event attendants which includes project partners, project associates and a selected group of qualified experts in the field of bio-waste and waste management within the Med Zone. In the afternoon session of the event the Final Manifesto was signed by the participants and entities represented.

What implies the adhesion to the Manifesto?

The manifesto includes the following ten topics/sections:

1. Drivers


3. Collection scheme: food waste vs. green waste

4.Separate collection model: kerbside vs. bring schemes

5. Impurities

6. Participation

7. Type & size of composting facilities

8. Compost quality and marketing

9. Regional cooperation

10. Monitoring and benchmarking


Signatories to the manifesto agree with the included Commitment statements and undertake to promote and spread these principles when interacting with policy makers and other stakeholders as well as to incorporate and implement these strategies when possible.


Please consider that the Introduction and the Suggestions of each section are included to better define the context and indicate the most positive strategies (but these contents are not considered as an obligation).

Examples of type of support and promotion in case of adhesion:

  • Theoretical support of the contents.
  • Dissemination of the initiative and contents.
  • Incorporation of the strategies in own policies and planning.
  • Practical application of the proposed bio-waste management measures, activities and practices.

Who can sign the Manifesto?

The manifesto is addressedto a wide range of stakeholders with the objective of being signed and joined by as many entities and experts as possible involved in this topic around the Mediterranean area.

The target sta*keholders are the following: local/regional/national authorities, public entities and private entities and companies related to the waste management, environmental NGOs, experts in this field, etc. The manifesto can be signed as an individual person or expert as well as an entity or company.

To download or visualize the complete Manifesto document click the link attached at the bottom of the page

* You can sign the Manifesto via the following adhesion form


Why efficient and proper management of food waste (bio-waste) is of utmost importance in the Med Basin?

One of the main challenges in countries of the Mediterranean Basin is sustainable waste management, in particular the management of bio-waste. As bio-waste represents the largest fraction of MSW, it is therefore of particular importance. In the countries of the Mediterranean Basin, food waste represents the predominant fraction of bio-waste, reaching up to 30%-50% of total MSW production.

Strategies aiming to prevent and divert bio-waste (and food waste, in particular) from disposal can have significant outcomes, in particular addressing urgent environmental threats within this area:

        *Effective and economically sustainable collection schemes for bio-waste represent the first step to produce quality compost, that can be used to mitigate soil erosion, desertification and enhance organic content in agricultural land improving its production as well as the fixation of carbon in soils;

         *Diversion of bio-waste for recycling has a direct effect in reducing the environmental impacts of waste disposal due to landfilling of MSW; it limits the emission of greenhouse gasses (GHG) and leachates that may pollute ground water. It also reduces the use of landfill space.

Additionally, the introduction of separate collection schemes and models promotes the development of a strong waste management sector with the creation of green jobs, even propitiating the effective regulation and involvement of the current informal recycling sector.

In summary, the prevention of bio-waste is the first objective of any management plan. This should be followed by correct management of this fraction (in terms of quality/quality and sustainable models), which result in improved environmental impacts in the Mediterranean Basin. This includes reducing desertification and improving the productivity of agricultural soils (applying quality compost to soils), reducing global warming (avoiding the disposal of biodegradable materials to landfills and enhancing the soils’ role as a carbon sink) and reducing reliance on landfill. Generally speaking, the aim of bio-waste recycling can be considered to be the backbone of a modern and sustainable management solution for MSW.

A common and co-ordinated strategy within the Mediterranean Basin is therefore welcome. It can lead to faster adoption of measures and MSW management practises that aim to achieve the above mentioned environmental and socio-economic benefits, as well as contributing to support the North and specially Southern countries of the Mediterranean area in finding sustainable waste management solutions. This includes improved management of waste according to specific waste arisings, cultural and cooking habits and potential needs for assuring long term sustainability of agricultural land. This is set against a backdrop of increasing population and worsening effects due to climate change.


The full version of the manifesto is right below

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